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Means of Operating the International System
  • International environment-related labelling system
  • The Eco-Labelling Program, energy-related system, and material mark system are typical Eco-Labelling Programs implemented abroad. Some systems are operated by an individual country, and some are jointly operated by many countries. In other words, the Eco-Labelling Program exists in various forms. In particular, in the region (country) where citizens' environmental awareness is high, such system tends to be operated driven by civic organizations.
  • Eco-Labelling Program
  • Since it was introduced in Germany in 1979 with the recommendation of OECD, it is currently implemented in some 40 countries including EU, Northern Europe, Canada, and Japan. The operation status of major countries is as follows:
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  • Institutions around the world operating under the cover of the environment are the main countries.

    Eco-label system operating states - KOREA, SPAIN, NORDIC, SWEDEN, EU, CROATIA, GERMANY, CANADA, U.S.A, BRAZIL, INDIA, THAILAND, HONGKONG, CHINA, SINGAPORE, PHILPPINES, TIWAN, JAPAN, AUSTRALIA, NEWZEALAND

  •  Operation status of major countries' eco-mark system
  • About 10 countries implement the system including EU, Northern Europe, Canada, and Japan; the operation status of those key countries is presented below.

Operation status of major countries' eco-mark system
Country name System name Implementation year
germany Blue Angel 1979
canada.com EcoLogo TM Program 1988
Northern Europe Nordic Swan Label 1989
Japan Eco Mark Program 1989
New Zealand Environmental Choice New Zealand 1992
USA Green Seal 1990
Europe EU Flower 1992
Taiwan Green Mark Program 1993
China China Environmental Labelling 1993
  • Internationally, the Global Eco-labeling Network (GEN) as each country's Eco-Labelling Program operating agency council was founded in 1994. To date, most countries implementing the Eco-Labelling Program have become members of GEN.
    Key activities include the following:

  • Sending delegates related to ISO 14000 Eco-Labelling Standardization

  • Information sharing on each country's system operation procedure, target product lines, and certification criteria; unification and standardization of classification system

  • Feasibility research for promoting mutual recognition

  • Research on linkage between eco-products and environmental policies such as green procurement

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